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The PYP focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the classroom and in the world outside. It is a framework guided by six transdisciplinary themes of global significance, explored using knowledge and skills derived from six subject areas as well as transdisciplinary skills.
- addresses students’ academic, social and emotional well-being
- encourages students to develop independence and to take responsibility for their own learning
- supports students’ efforts to gain understanding of the world and to function comfortably within it
- helps students establish personal values as a foundation upon which international-mindedness will develop and flourish
In the PYP a balance is sought between acquiring knowledge and skills, understanding concepts, demonstrating positive attitudes and taking responsible action. Therefore the written curriculum emphasizes five essential elements shown in the figure below:
Essential elements of the written curriculum
- Knowledge: Significant, relevant content that we wish the students to explore and know about, taking into consideration their prior experience and understanding.
- Concepts: Powerful ideas that have relevance within the subject areas but also transcend them and that students must explore and re-explore in order to develop a coherent, in-depth understanding.
- Skills: Those capabilities that students need to demonstrate to succeed in a changing, challenging world, which may be disciplinary or transdisciplinary in nature.
- Attitudes: Dispositions that are expressions of fundamental values, beliefs and feelings about learning, the environment and people.
- Action: Demonstrations of deeper learning in responsible behaviour through responsible action; a manifestation in practice of the other essential elements